21 states have taken positions against deep-sea mining in international waters:
Moratorium Alliance: Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Palau, Samoa.
The President of Palau, Surangel Whipps, Jr. launched a new Alliance of Countries Calling for a deep-Sea mining moratorium at the 2022 UN Ocean Conference in Lisbon. Fiji and Samoa were the first countries to join the Alliance, followed by the Federated States of Micronesia.
Moratorium position: Canada, New Zealand, Switzerland, The French Polynesian assembly.
Precautionary Pause: Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Panama, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Vanuatu.