Resistance to deep-sea mining: Governments and Parliamentarians


21 states have taken positions against deep-sea mining in international waters:

Moratorium Alliance: Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Palau, Samoa.

The President of Palau, Surangel Whipps, Jr. launched a new Alliance of Countries Calling for a deep-Sea mining moratorium at the 2022 UN Ocean Conference in Lisbon. Fiji and Samoa were the first countries to join the Alliance, followed by the Federated States of Micronesia.

Ban: France.

Moratorium position: Canada, New Zealand, Switzerland, The French Polynesian assembly.

Precautionary Pause: Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Panama, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Vanuatu.


The Pacific Parliamentarians Alliance on Deep-Sea Mining (PPADSM).

Global Parliamentary Declaration Calling for a Moratorium on Deep Seabed Mining.

European Parliament.

The Parliament of the Canary Islands.

Regional Parliament of the Azores.