Resistance to deep-sea mining: Governments and Parliamentarians


14 states have taken positions against deep-sea mining in international waters:

Moratorium Alliance: Palau, Fiji, Federated Stated of Micronesia, Samoa

The President of Palau, Surangel Whipps, Jr. launched a new Alliance of Countries Calling for a deep-Sea mining moratorium at the 2022 UN Ocean Conference in Lisbon. Fiji and Samoa were the first countries to join the Alliance, followed by the Federated States of Micronesia.

Moratorium position: New Zealand, The French Polynesian assembly.

Precautionary Pause: Germany, Costa Rica, Chile, Spain, Panama, Ecuador, Vanuatu, Dominican Republic.

Ban: France.


The Pacific Parliamentarians Alliance on Deep-Sea Mining (PPADSM).

Global Parliamentary Declaration Calling for a Moratorium on Deep Seabed Mining.

European Parliament.

The Parliament of the Canary Islands.

Regional Parliament of the Azores.