Authors: Ortuno Crespo, G. and Dunn, D. C. A review of the impacts of fisheries on open-ocean ecosystems. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, ~ doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx084.
The likelihood of ecosystem impacts occurring due to fishing is related to fishing effort and isthus also expected to be increasing. Despite this rapid growth, ecological research into the impacts of fisheries on open-ocean environmentshas lagged behind coastal and deep-sea environments. This review addresses this knowledge gap by considering the roles fisheries play in con-trolling the open-ocean at three ecological scales: (i) species (population or stock); (ii) biological community; and (iii) ecosyste
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