8 February 2016
Source: The New York TImes
Author:William J. Broad
Richard P. Von Herzen, an explorer who found that the icy depths of the deep sea conceal vast regions of simmering heat, helping to confirm the scientific view of the Earth’s crust as continuously in motion, died on Jan. 28 in Portola Valley, Calif. He was 85.
For more than a half-century, Dr. Von Herzen worked at the nation’s pre-eminent centers for ocean research — the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on Cape Cod and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif.
In 1977, Dr. Von Herzen’s expedition to what then seemed like an anomalously warm ridge resulted in a spectacular discovery.
Off the Galápagos Islands, diving in an American submersible, team members found the site teeming with life — contrary to the usual portrayals of the deep sea as a biological desert. The living surprises included red shrimp, brown mussels, pink fish with undulating tails and dense stands of tubeworms with bright red plumes.
The discovery sparked broad interest in the potential for dark ecosystems in the global sea, the primordial Earth and distant planets, including ones far beyond the solar system.
For more, go to: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/09/science/earth/richard-p-von-herzen-explorer-of-earths-undersea-furnaces-dies-at-85.html?hpw&rref=science&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region®ion=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well