3 April 2014
Spain, the main European Member State involved in deep-sea fisheries, holds major responsibility to protect these vulnerable ecosystems
The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, Ecologistas en Acción, Greenpeace, Oceana and WWF have launched a petition to demand that the Spanish Minister of Agriculture, Food and Environment lead efforts to protect deep-sea ecosystems, during negotiations currently taking place in Brussels. Spain is the leading EU Member State engaged in these fisheries, accounting for half of all EU captures of deep-sea species in the North-East Atlantic Ocean.
In this region, deep-sea fisheries are carried out between 200-1500 metres below sea level. These extreme environments are characterised by cold temperatures, a lack of nutrients, and darkness, and as a result the unique organisms that live there grow slowly and have few offspring. Therefore, they are very vulnerable to human impacts, particularly to activities such as deep-sea bottom trawling, which destroys habitats such as deep-sea coral reefs and can throw away, dead, up to 80% of total catches.
The petition has been launched to coincide with EU government negotiations on the reform of the current regulation on deep-sea fisheries in the North-East Atlantic (Regulation (EC) No 2347/2002), which has proven to be ineffective in protecting these fragile ecosystems during the last ten years. For example, it allows destructive fishing gears to raze sponge aggregations and millennium-old corals, and only sets catch limits for 11 commercial species out of roughly 100 deep-sea species that are captured in the region.
The range of measures requested by the NGOs include the identification of areas that contain Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems, the progressive phase-out of destructive fishing gears, the implementation of measures to minimise by-catch, and setting levels of fishing in accordance with scientific advice.
Deep-sea biodiversity is comparable with that of tropical rainforests and shallow-water coral reefs. Spain has the obligation to comply with international environmental commitments made through the United Nations, regarding the sustainable management of deep-sea fisheries and the effective protection of this natural heritage.
Sign the petition: "Don't let the deep sea be decimated"
For more information, contact:
Deep Sea Conservation Coalition: Patricia Roy, email@example.com + 34 696 905 907
Ecologistas en Acción: Anxela Iglesias, +34 610 047 330
Greenpeace: Conrado García del Vado, + 34 660 471 267
Oceana: Marta Madina, firstname.lastname@example.org +34 911 440 880 or +34 687 598 531
WWF: Coral García, email@example.com + 34 91 354 05 78 or +34 609 34 68 38